Intro 1963-88 1989-96 1997-2003 2004 - Bibliography To search within the timeline, or to print all 28+ pages, click here
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Euthanasia Timeline



Here are a few key articles. For the most part, these are primary sources: written by people who were, and continue to be, instrumental in the culture of death movement. The sources spell out the goals and methods of the movement, and discuss what they consider to be their successes and failures.

Bear in mind that these are written from a right-to-die perspective; so that, for example, "protect the patient's rights" means protect the patient's right to die (right to refuse treatment).

Here is a small sample of sources; we will continue to add to the list as time permits.

Beresford, Larry; Elizabeth Johnson. "Last Acts: Leverage Points; A Report Based on the Second National Last Acts Leadership Conference, October 29-30, 1997." Formerly online at the Last Acts web site, Now archived online.
Report on Ira Byock's keynote address to over 275 leading health care professionals, activists, and bioethicists. In the address, Byock outlines the Last Acts strategy to reverse what they saw as American "culture's deep-seated denial and avoidance of death."

Bronner, Ethan.  "The Foundation's End-of-Life Programs:  Changing the American Way of Death."  To Improve Health and Health Care, Vol. VI;  The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Anthology.  San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2003.

Christopher, Myra.  "Role of Ethics Communities, Ethics Networks, and Ethics Centers.  Improving End-of-Life Care."  Pain Medicine.  Vol. 2, No. 2. 2001; pp. 162-168.
Myra Christopher is CEO of Midwest Bioethics Center (now called Center for Practical Bioethics) in Kansas City, MO (see extensive discussion within the timeline below). She discusses the way in which MBC used state bioethics networks to build the Last Acts end-of-life coalitions, and cites specific examples including Kansas City; Oklahoma; North Carolina; New Jersey; Utah; Nevada; Minnesota.

Dahl, June; Mary Bennett; Matthew Bromley; David Joranson. "Success of the State Pain Initiatives: Moving Pain Management Forward." Cancer Practice. Vol. 10, Suppl. 1; May/June 2002; pp. S9-S13.
June Dahl and the American Alliance of Cancer Pain Initiatives were sponsored by Soros' Open Society Institute ($105,000 in 2001) and RWJF (approx $1.4 million in 2000) to target specific states for narcotics deregulation. The state pain initiatives participated in Bill Moyers' On Our Own Terms grass roots activities. The initiatives also provided yet another network upon which Midwest Bioethics Center could develop RWJF's "Community-State Partnerships" program.

Joranson, David E.  "Improving availability of opioid pain medications: Testing the principle of balance in Latin America." Innovations in End-of-Life Care. Vol. 5, No. 1. 2003:
David Joranson's funding includes $300,000 from Soros' PDIA, and over $2 million from spacerRWJF.

Sabatino, Charles. “De-Balkanizing State Advance Directive Law,” BIFOCAL, newsletter published by the American Bar Association's Commission on Law and Aging. Vol. 25, No. 1. 2003. pp 1, 6-9.
Apparently de-Balkanization is good if the decision is in favor of withdrawal of hydration/nutrition and opioid deregulation.

Weisfeld, Victoria; Steven Schroeder; et al.  "Improving Care at the End of Life:  What Does it Take?"  Health Affairs.  Vol. 19, No. 6; Nov/Dec 2000; pp. 277-283.